Luxembourg

At the time the Nazis invaded Luxembourg in 1940, approximately 3,900 Jews lived in the country – around three-quarters of them were foreign citizens. It is estimated that between 1,000 to 2,500 Luxembourg Jews were murdered during the Holocaust. Government reports published in Luxembourg in 2009 and 2015 recognize that Jews who were not citizens did not receive compensation for the confiscation of their property during the Holocaust. After World War II, around 1,500 Jews returned to Luxembourg and today about 1,200 reside in the country.

Monastery of Cinqfontaines

Agreement on Holocaust-era property restitution

On January 27, 2021 (International Holocaust Remembrance Day), WJRO joined together with the Government of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg Jewish Community and the Luxembourg Foundation for the Remembrance of the Shoah to sign a historic agreement on Holocaust asset issues. In this agreement, Luxembourg agreed to:

  • Transform Cinqfontaines – which was once the last station and collection point for Jews before deportation to concentration camps – into a living memorial commemorating the stories of Luxembourg’s Holocaust victims.
  • Provide symbolic financial acknowledgment to Holocaust survivors who were in Luxembourg during the Holocaust.
  • Dedicate resources to Holocaust memorialization, remembrance, research, and education.

The agreement also provides that Luxembourg will address key restitution issues, including dormant bank accounts, insurance, and looted art, through separate working groups with WJRO and the Luxembourg Jewish Community.

The agreement came less than two years after a joint international delegation of WJRO and the US Special Envoy for Holocaust Issues, together with the US Ambassador and Luxembourg Jewish Community. Following a meeting with the Prime Minister Xavier Bettel, Luxembourg established a working group to review open issues of Holocaust-era property restitution – a process culminating in the agreement.

Resources and Links

ESLI Overview of Immovable Property Restitution/Compensation Regimes – Luxembourg
European Shoah Legacy Institute

December 2016

US Department of State – Justice for Uncompensated Survivors Today (JUST) Act Report

July, 2020 – Luxembourg– Contents on page 109

Relevant Press Releases and News

The World Jewish Restitution Organization (WJRO) Signs Historic Agreement with Luxembourg on Holocaust-Era Property Restitution

January 27, 2021

Gideon Taylor’s Remarks at the Signing Ceremony Agreement with Luxembourg on Holocaust Era Property Restitution

January 27, 2021

In first, Luxembourg offers $1.2 million in symbolic compensation to noncitizen Holocaust victims

JTA

January 27, 2021

Luxembourg signs restitution deal for Holocaust victims

Washington Post/AP

January 27, 2021

 

Past and future inextricably linked in Luxembourg Holocaust agreement

The Times of Israel

January 27, 2021

Holocaust-era property compensation discussed with Luxembourg’s Prime Minister

European Jewish Press

February 2, 2019

Luxembourg has unfinished Holocaust issues-US Envoy

Luxembourg Times

February 2, 2019

WJRO Welcomes Report on Status of Post-Holocaust Restitution

April 23, 2017

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