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Relevant Materials

Background on Restitution in the Former Yugoslavia

Rijeka Synagogue

Rijeka Synagogue

In 1996, Croatia passed the Law on Restitution/Compensation of Property Appropriated During Yugoslav Communist Rule (amended in 2002) to address the restitution of communal and private real property. The restitution claims processes established under the law have operated exceedingly slowly and, with regard to private property, makes it impossible for many former Jewish property owners to obtain restitution or related compensation. Approximately 40,000 Jews lived in the region of Croatia prior to the Holocaust, while about 1,700 currently live there (with over half residing in Zagreb).

Dubrovnik Synagogue

Dubrovnik Synagogue

Communal Property

The Jewish Communities in the Republic of Croatia submitted claims for 135 communal properties under the Act on Restitution/Compensation of Property Confiscated During the Yugoslav Communist Rule (1996, amended in 2002), but only a limited number of non-cemetery properties have been returned. In December 2014, the government took the long-awaited step of providing a substitute property in partial compensation for property owned by the Chevra Kadisha (burial society) before the Holocaust.

Private Property

The process for the restitution of private property suffers from a number of problems, including the following:

  • Property confiscated prior to May 1945 is not covered by the law.
  • Only partial compensation is provided (in inverse proportion to the value of the property) in 20-year government bonds and no payment provided for demolished buildings.
  • Claimants are required to be Croatian citizens or citizens of a country with a bilateral treaty with Croatia.

Heirless Property

Croatia has no law for the restitution of confiscated heirless property.

Relevant Press Releases and News

WJRO Helps to Secure Property Restitution For Croatian Jewish Community, December 3, 2014

Croatia giving Zagreb Jews $4 million property in Holocaust restitutionJTA, December 3, 2014

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